Name: 2013 Beyond the PDF2
Problem: Due to authors' ignorance of past work, new research replicates, or fails to adequately take into account, previously published research. Reasons: (1) Inaccessibility of legacy literature. (2) Laziness, poor literature search, not-on-Google effect, false belief of irrelevance of all but the most recent research. Solution to (2): Precedent-finding system takes the text of an author's early draft (or a submitted manuscript) and uses NLP-based text-similarity metrics that take different terminologies, synonymy, paraphrase, semantic roles, structure of argumentation, and citations into account to find potentially related ideas in published work. NB: This is neither conventional search nor plagiarism detection.